Jessamine LHT - History

Jessamine LHT - History


Former name retained.


(Tender: dp. 257; 1. 156'; b. 24'; dr. 7'3"; cpl. 22)

The first Jessamine, an iron lighthouse tender, entered the service 24 September 1881 and came under Naval jurisdiction with the entire Lighthouse Service 11 April 1917, R. A. Brooks, Master. 'Throughout the war she continued her regular duties servicing lighthouses and navigational aids of other types out of her home port of Baltimore. She was returned to the Commerce Department 1 July 1919.

10 am – 3 pm

Join us at the Jessamine Career & Technical Center, 881 Wilmore Rd (behind the JCS Board of Education) and meet with employers that are seeking to fill positions within a wide range of businesses. Whether you are looking for your first job, replacement job or a career change, NOW is the perfect time and place to find that position. All of these employers will be located in Jessamine County. Bring your resume and your smile and meet your new opportunities for the future! No registration is required.

Looking for new employees? We have them ready for you! Join us and have the opportunity to meet your future employees. We will be setting up at Jessamine Career & Technical Center inside the foyer, outside on the sidewalks and in the parking lot. We have tables available for use but you will need to provide the table covering, chair, materials, etc. A tent would be a great idea if you want to set up outside. Bring along your visuals and wifi will be available. No matter what position you are hiring, this is the place to be. Contact Ronda May, [email protected] or 859-887-4351 to reserve your spot.

Check out the Businesses that will be onsite:

Jessamine County Schools West Rock Winners Circle Painting Aqua Tots Greater Lexington Insurance PECCO Blue Tank & Pump Kroger Amcor U Bounce, Inc

Realiant Healthcare Staffing JESS FM ServPro Home Goods Kentucky Career Center Med-Save Drake’s Nicholasville Nursing & Rehab Saint Joseph Jessamine

ABR Construction Revive Ministeries Raising Canes Jimmy Johns City of Nicholasville Asbury University Wesley Village Lowe’s Sam’s Club McDonalds Walgreens Lowe’s Allphase/CED All God’s Children Nicholasville Police Department Dever RJ Corman Railroad

Chicken Salad Chick and Boston’s Way will be set up offering delicious options for lunch:


LOCA4 SPORT. I FOOTBALL TOPICS. I (Be-I)rinted from the Evening Express.) I The agenda -»f the Weish Kngby Union meeting, to be held at tho Ajigel Hotel, Car- diff, on Thursday next, does not promise any important or exciting business. There is alwavs a little buzz about the election of otti- oers, it is true, but ewn this on Thursday next seems likely to be very tame, for only in one district, the West, is there to be auy op- position. Neither is there any opposition to the re-election of the secretary and titasi.ier. I t-hould think Mr. A. J. Davies will, aftpr having to fiyiit for his beat on every occasion in past vears, tind it quite a novelty to have a pe-.itcable walk-over. I suppoe something will be said about the Jamesesr case. The "Sportsman," I see, drew attention to it on Friday, and stated that it would be considered at the forthcoming meeting of the English Rugby Union. It's not much use saying anything until they have made up their minds on the uUttter-not much then, for the matter of that-but it would do no harm if Thursday's meeting were to puss a resolution ajid forward earns to the Jiiigiisii Rugby Union. I notice several of the 'Quins players have gone up North. Percy Jago has gone to V igan, whilst Keepiugs how gone to join his brother at Halifax. In each of these cases the transters have been applied for by the players in ques- tion, and granted hv tho Harlequins club. Wild in IT. I sec. has left Leigh for Bradford. I suppose he will play on Coopers wing, and if he does Bradford may truly congratulate themselves on having the fastest wing in the whole l'Ountry. I had almost begun to despair of ever again seeing a regatta in Cardiii, when, by imday morning's post I received a mogramme of the annual regatta of the Cardiff Amateur Rowing Club, to be held at Llandaff on Saturday, September 8. Mr. G. Wilmot Harrison, the holi. secretary, sends me an entertaining letter ou the progress of the olub, which, of late, I am pleased to hear has been considerable. The membership has increased, and much more interest seems to be taken in sport than has hitherto been the case. In addition to three club events there are four open ones, which are as followJunior Four-oared Race prize, value L6 6s. entrance fee, 15s. boats (clinker-built outrigged) provided. Maiden Fopr-oared Race prize, val ue £ 4- 4s. entrance fee, 103. boats (clinker-built outrigged) pro- vided. Pair-oared Raoe prize, value £ 3 3s. entrance fee, 7s. 6d. boats (clinker-built out- rigged) provided. Sculling Race prize, value L2 2. JIltrance fee, 5s. boats (clinker-built outrigged) provided. The hon. oocretary's address is 59, Park-place, Cardiff. The po?-t- at the Harlequins' G?--nd to-day I (8dI:"iî be 1¡i¡e?ti1,. it of the (I.pi. hip that is to be fought out. Thc programme .hows there are twenty m h-ies, including E. J=w, tliebrothers Bar- Pugh, Sheen, T. Linton, an d Vk. What makes the race wear an interesting as- pect is that several of these men have proved themselves to be very oloso together in the matter of merit, and we have seen them in th. clianipionshipa that have been already run fight out some tremendous battles. James, Barrett. Sheen, and Vokes, will, probably, be seen fighting out a close finish. I see the Harlequins annonnce other meet- ings for September 1, 3, and 8. On the 1st the piogramme includes the ten miles bicycle championship, one hundred yards' fiat cham- pionship, 120 yards' hurdles cham- pionship, and 440 yards' Bat ohan)pionship. All the above are, of course, scratch events. Tho one hundred yards' championship. I sup- pose, we may put down as good for Thomas of Heading. Arthar Gould will hardly turn out to defend his hurdles champion di.p, so we ought to see an interesting race between Gus Gould, (xwili, Beitli, and perhaps a couple of others. The 440 yard.' flat :=. of course^ a gift for Culhim, if he has beeu results m South Wales long enough. Two of the best batsmen Eng)and possess at the l!es:: dy-W. G. Grace and cru have been getting into hot water of late. The doctor's affair over at Bristol, we all remem- ber, was moot disgraceful. A few weeks back I saw Guru, batting at Brighton. Shaw, the old Notts man, now playing for Sussex, sent a ball down to Gunn that pitched a couple of feet wide on the leg. Gunn never at- tempted to lal ithbnJe.&Yumlew glt? it it pass. To the Notts man's disgust it broke rijn? round him, and took his leg stump. When Gunn came to the pavilion he was jeered by the crowd, a proceeding, unques- tionably, in bad taste. That, however, was away from home. At Nottingham we would hardly expect such a favourite to be jeered by his own crowd, such, however, appears to have been the case. Gunn writes to the "Sporting Life" about it as follows:&mdashI have read the remarks upon the cricket at Nottingham last Saturday. Notts wont in to bat at four eclock to get 190 runs, which was almost all impossible task. The 'Middlesex bowlers were really to blame for the slow cricket. They bowled every ball short and straight, so that no batsman could possibly score from it. One of the bowlers remarked that Notts could not get the runs off because he could bowl short and straight for a week. and meant to do it. Mr. Charles W. Wright (who can hit over-pitched balls as well as most players) was, therefore, cramped at one end by Rftwiin's short and traiglit deliveries 'for over after over, while Hearne (though not so bad) treated me with a similar dose at. the other end. A few spectators behaved disgracefully in sliouting out personal remarks to r. Wright and myself. We were both doing our very best for our side, but it was impos- sible to soore, or even bat, under such in- sults, and we were both much tempted to walk to the pavilion and refuse to submit to such behaviour. Instead of this we botn practically lost our wickets through being shouted out by the crowd. If the unseemly mannered and personal remarks prevalent at football matches are to be tolerated at cricket, and indirectly encouraged by the press, I for one shall retire from it, as I hre- Ito believe more than one player more eminent than myself has already done. When, I or .e.I. .'10- any otner criOKeter nlKe nixy riiiim m wit minutes the crowd cheers, but when we are unable to play for the gallery, owing to bowl- ing like that of last Satmday, we are insulted by tbe r.wd and unfairly treated b? the prea? I )? ?en Mr C. W. Wl:,I,t, tho- roughly agrees in all I say, and I am ollly Rur. prised that a gentleman so universally res- pected in the county, and who has done so much for 'botb county and local cricket, should have to submit to such conduct. At a meeting of the South Wales Baseball Association, held on Thursday night, Mr. Charles R. Crawley, Penarth-road, Cardiff, was elected secretary. It was decided to pby the final for the shield on the Barracks Field to-day (Saturday). J. Donovan is so well known a figure in Cardiff ericket circles that I feel sure everyone would like to know that his benefit is to take place at Garth, for which club he is professional, to-dav (Saturday). I hope a bumping gate will turn up to give Johnny a good benefit, for certainly he deserves it WELSH ATHLETE.


-8J STOCK," >' (). 103. « STUCK," No. 103. A'O'i'HKR CIRTAIN L SUCCESS. ()THEH. CERTAIN SUCCESS. ^i'HSCKIPTION LIST NOW OPEN. ^VBSCKIPTION LIST NOW OPEN. ^S FD FOR PARTICULARS AT .-a ONCK. '??END :FOR PARTICULARS AT y* ON('?, riI W, UNIVERSAL STOCK EX- ,-HAJWK 'LIMlTi-IW la Convince tL( i STOCK." No, 103, WILL B: /xOTIIER CERTAIN SUCCESS. =jvKKYONK CAN JOIN IT ,> < T'ITHOc'r HlSK AND MAK -F A 1'UOFIT. JUNIVEKSAL STOCK EX- I HA.t'¡': (LIMITED* Heads tbe Lint with Sn'd'lptwn of TOWARDS THE C A VITAL iuteuded to ■p^VWl »u tb' Operation. V STOCK," No 103. A Vi:i:TAiN s'S' gt HSCHIPTION LIST NOW OPEN. jVl.L PARTICULARS, TERMS, and tl'BSCRlPTlON FORMS (?au be had 'nS fiHK UNIVERSAL STOCK EX- rl"HE UKIYERS.J, H'l'OCK EX, /kK KSPUR-STREET, LONDON. (-,ioR THE GUIDANCE ,f those who '1 .11'6 UQt familiar v.-ith AUR A STOCK SYSTEM," the ( >following facta »! !» «&trade d VUR A STOCK" Si bTi.M. ■ l i.'XER HAVln ASCERTAINED b'v careful research the l«»t history aad :unlr fcrospecls 01 a certain Stock, tfI Comma., J-nm-Hiicatr the f»ot to their customers hat h:ivi- wlooted B Stock, which, b,y>udw!OU8 V' may be luado to rNUl'n .d results, »" ,1 Y their I'urropoudeuts to JOIU with th?. ,■ r.huie towards the amount of capital to control the Stock sufficiently to ..r lht requite movement. j A DSOLUTE SECRECY as to the .t i:li > of the Stock to be operated in i un t v, clement of success. For C9L'VtHl1.t>U('C' M I'licicfore, tftihscnptiuns are invited to a « is known onlv by a number, fuck a* 'o k No. and the reason of this is that i r.l 1'11 Stock Exchange prefer to roup the th<v trdublt1 aud experience for thcr po mjclvea before tue outside .Y b, by eø.r de:diug, ight I before the Company's pur* "Ii at bottom prices. pTSHil "A STUCK" OPERATIONS T,f the T N'TVKRSAL STOCK EXCHANGE I, xt.»od the te»t Qf several yeftrn, .d te i (It l'C('S:o.S j.¡vcu in the following statis- &bull til",t tbc "tem w n- sound one. This > v, iicuruted by the present as 1885. The first 44 A Stock" operation T. -(lot.bcr of that tear, the Stock selected v c <" .ian Parities ther weve bought at 3SJ iji. The «*nu» month Brighton 'W "in ltr 9?J, aud almost immediately n .r¡i At tli, t-nd of November Northern 1',( V were tiken for an 44 A Stock," but &diams < .wed a small loss, because all calcula- r ,(rl' upset bv b, sudden death of the R . y Kin. Mr. W. H, Vtmderbi't, 0 rt. -mber 3. 1835. which caused a temporary dfi-v^Mos 111 this Stock. 1 &bull t^efoitowuiKyear, 1886, the n1,1nger.9 h*?iii^ Tf&mdash.v-od rdiable information about Grund Truuk br rret'« an 14 A Stock" bear operation was Tf -Ived upon. The Stock wns, tbtre!ore, pld 16 at 61, ,d in a few days the price f"ll '?, 57. SeT«ral Ot ber A Stocks foUo"e,l ia the sumc year. Canadian l'acifics, Union ru-trics. Northern Pacific l*referreo, Eritl 2ud >¡,tlf', Atlantic 1st, L(H,isTille and Nashville, CV"uUiau Pa('Îr.c, aud Norfolk -,I W?ste. In February, 18&7, Mexican Rails 2nd Pre!s were Elected 173 ana soon rose to 80$. F.Il. g ?tr, Uruguay and Neximu Kail* 2nd Prd ft "io. In December, 1887, the Hull and Barnsley Ùd took jdace, this beiny one of the s'i.xeiS"ji ever millt1 by theIn. and to this Hull and BanisJey deal most of the fawe of the Com. n isdnE'. r?chiL,t?? were completed at about So, and this St-k bortly afternards rose to 4:1, m spite of strenuous efforts made by an (qlr(,,>SltlOn clique to keep the price down by scVu if? the Stock as 1rs but thtf capital ut Ute ( jiiujjand of tbe Universal Stock Exckange was f'0 jarg that it wüs euabled to take so r-t an Ll.I.ll,aut of the stock off the market that on Df comber 8,1387, the Stock rooefrom 30* to 391, the remainder 4)f the ritse occurring the following QINCF THEN there have been further I "A Stock" operations, and uot n ■ ,-u.restful ou T^KO'.i 1885 TO the PR /'SENT i MOMi.Nl there has been a Otal of over 4quotA Srocks," all of hi,b, with one single . epti. :hie: v been s!lcc8.sfu1. A RECORD which every hu^ntc-sj man ""1:1 ullow 1S the strongest possiblo th:it the ,4 A Stocks'' brought out by the 1 -wtTsal Stock Exchange are ledtimate Ilud f()' operations, and worked so judiciously t' i' sooner or later haIlJsODl)Y pay those wii > 'win them. n( K VMV £ BSAL STOCK EXCHANGE, kivir^ great measure built xip its enormous t: i.e-ss hv A Stocks," the C"-].i!.1dUY is very careful not to invite subscript t- s u> anv A Sto,k until it has takeu every (, t 1:: 't'jtiLl]1k::s ::I tllF(>1f s far as human fOreHgt do so £ hat iht- cperatjon will be a success for the CoiU2>any 11s now an untarnished record, and it will always '■-frive to keep it so. rjlKE STOCK NOW SELECTED for '■ I STOCK," No. 103, we are positive v. il! be another ^rreat success, OR FULL PARTICULARS and! .r TEBMS of 8ub:criptiou. address-The SecTe.1 :,rv, UNIVEKSAL STOCK EXCHANGE i-iuiited), Cocksptir-street. Londou. TTNIVERSAL STOCK EXCHANGE v?Li.:t?d?, QOCKSPUR-STREET, LONDON. J XVESTMENTS, CAPITAL, and "OESERVE FUND, over £330,000. -1 tkl T,IOR PROBABLE MARKET MOVE.  NEXT WEEK'S MARKET O REPORT. OCR SPECIALLY SELECTED LIST of PERFECTLY SOUND ECURITIES PAYING from 3 to ►3 4* PER CENT. ALSO "HOW to OPERATE m'CCESSFULLY IN STOCKS." k, T" WENTY SEVENTH EDITION T(167 PAGES). ^HNT POST FREE. THE BOOK CONTAINS ARTICLES f'A!:T L-T()CK EXCHANGE USAGES, tiw tit Bu:iJ.1(,tlS is Conducted. s ro MaÜp. 'L,'s the Accounts are Kept. h< Should be Given. shares Should be Transferred. m,.1.- ><&diams Dealing ia Stocks. v tlements System. M i h'v ^ettlemeattf System. risou of all Throo Systems of Dealing. >i-. :r',k'r8' Fortnightly Accounts Compare "ith lhree-Mon:hly Accounts. ART II.&mdashHOW TO OPERATE. M s Lost OH the Stock Market. 1. su.ra of Operating. h :,r'@0ÁlOCk!' l' U utch "A Stock." | I 1.d Lo"t Prices R""rd'd from lÐ3 to inclusive. I> t t ^xMusof Dealine-. -v: mis of ^hort r Diuitiou. i cars of r.outf D,I>:dj1Q. L: country Rc.sideutsOj»erate Succtssfunv? ALd uiauv others of interest to all people dealing "I tocks OUR THREE-MONTHLY SETTLE- ? ?j *YSl t l?, B!i>iIb'5NB:I ()'i. t"ALL COMMIS- -<A_ ?'fo?s mM commended itself to everyone who has tried it. ra-vHK SEC RET of SUCCESSFULLY S HEALING in STOCKS is to TAKE SHOOT, Ol'li K PROnTS .il DEAL a LARGE i i" v>. but thitt t-annot be profitably done i j n! ions 3ud coutinsfoes Laro to be ji ur.ts settled fortnightly. 1 u T)b,AlINGS or Communications _1". w.sii it-roiiousiblc Imrtic& or with auy persoa tlll ag'+.' of twenty-one. "A STOCK," No. 103. A NOTHER CERTAIN SUCCESS. ^(.'iSSCRIPTION LIST NOW OPEN. END FOR PARTICULARS AT O OCE. rjlilE UNIVERSAL STOCK EX- JL CHANTiE (LIMITED) is Couviuced that STOCK," No. 103, WILL BE ANoTHER CERTAIN SUCCESS. JpVERYONE CAN JOIN IT WITHOUT RISK AND MAKE A » T PKOI'IT. n'HI: UNIVERSAL STOCK EX- T(- !L?NGE (LIMITED) beads the List with a ",b. lptiou of -Q'J>K 000 TOWARDS THE O'"d" tho CAPITAL intended to ¡ i. 'o employ'ed the (>>>eration. "A STOCK," No. 103. CERTAIN SUCCESS. SUBSCRIPTION LIST NOW OPEN. jpCLL PARTICULARS, TERMS,and SUBSCRIPTION FORMS can be had s. application to mHE UN1VERAL STOCK EX- X CHANGE (LIMITED), COCKSPUR-STREET, LONDON. 11U55


THE SOUTHEND TRAGEDY. READ AGAIN BEFORE THE MAGISTRATES. SISTER OF THE ACCUSED RE-CALLED. WARRANT FOR THE BROTHER'S ARREST. Tbû 1U1i"teriü! examination of James Can- Read, ago 39, a clerk lately employed "t the Koyal Albert Dooks, who is ehar^etl with the murder of Florence Demiis, age 23, at Prittlowcll. near Southend, on Sun- day, June 24 last, wa, resumed ou Friday at Sortbclld Borough Sesaions. The local interest in the case was intensified by a rumour tlmt was freely circulated in the town duiiniy the morning to the eftect that Mr*. Ayriss had made an important 8tatew8nt, and tluits tho i>rooeedit:gs would witness an extriort:lii)ar>* development of the i-ufc. The number of people seekitiK admis- sioi: to tho court was cunsetiuently largely augmented, and tll" roadway opposite tho jwlicc-siatioa wa* thronged from an early hour. The prisoner,' who was again brought from Chelmsford Gaol, wore the now familiar light suit and ftaiuiel shirt in which he was attired at the time of hi. arrest. Ho looked well, but. somewhat more ('arowom than when last 'fo? the beneh. Ho ?? 'uickh' M'? into court by W Iat)urtqn and Mr. Waters, bis l'OH:I(fl aud solicitor. Sh.irlv Mr. Lamb, who has hitherto conducted tho case for the prosecution. -Ililld, aud was ?l- ?mnit-d bv Ir. ('. F. Gill, who had been ?tnt down by the Treasury to take the c?sem hand. MR. (tIIIIJ PROSECUTES. I Mr. Gill ..1, onc explained to the Bench that he had been instructed by the Treasury to continue the pro&oeligution in this case. A ?tenM-nt was made in the course of the ?"i. dence of Mrs. Avriss which she had since stated was untrue. Me thought it desirable that -be should be re called before goiug ou with the other "¡deuce. MRS. AYIUSS HE CALLED. Mr.«. Ayri.-s, who was 1001.111": very uuneu, w?th?ru.?Hed Mr.Ui)i:Yt'uM.adt? mttMCOur?otyuuit'vt'km'eth.ttyou'nd seen the prisoner it Southend ?nSundayu?ht, June 24. Is that .statement untrue?&mdashes. AY as olr si.ter to luive .Ievt at your house on that 8undy nillhn-So. Vid you ¡'trodu¡'e your .ist..r to a :Mr.. Kdders, a lodging-house keeper?&mdash es. Did you go yourself to Mrs Ldders that night ?&mdashNo. Kurn<K'h"?"< did ?"'?'? from Mrs. E?ld(?N I"m" to your house and ?p,ak to you?&mdash Y F. some time after my sister had ROUtOUt. When was the last time you saw your siste,r 011 the Si'iiday night ?&mdash Shortly after nine o'clock. She was dressed, and had her hat . On the Mondav morning1 did you go to S" MrsE?de?-? ? at a?.ut half.pist scveH. I had om con"tral1on ,ith hr. My si?ti?r wa riot there. Did you then go to the police.,t" t ion and afterwards seud «i telegram to the prisoner? &mdashY es. Ir. Witrburtoii Did you go out on that Sunday night at all?&mdashN^ o. li there anv Mher portion of vutir eviuerce that you would like to correct besides that?&mdash Ko. Do you fullv appreciate the importance of this part of your evidence as regards tho pri- soner?&mdashI do now I did not then. limy oamo you not only invent Ibis «torv befor«3 the coroner, 'btrt:in repeat it ht*e ? &mdash- B eams* I f,lt certain tnat Bie was tlipre, *nd that she had goue with him. Tbt ¡ v I said it. Mr. Gill: Let me undeNtiii<L You are ftskrd »rhy it was that you made the state- ment- tiiat 'you saw him "n that night. Witness: Because I felt so certain that he W3S there. READ'S WRITING. This was all Mrs. Aniss had to nay, and she then gave plao to Mr. Henry Ebenezer Clarke, a clerk employe) at thfViotcna Docks. This witness produced two Customs eiitrit? in writing aii printing, w h ic h be declared were the work of the prisoner Read. Mr. Mowrin. th" expert in handwriting, was then re-called. He said he had examined the entries in the Custonw book, and com- pared them with the telegram of the 31st of MOT, 1894. which W:b' produced, and the words of which were printed. He had formed the opinion that the printing on the telegram w:w done by the prisoner. In the Customs book* he found certain characteristics and peculiarities of the 1'1'01' and th" cha- racteristics and peculiarities wore reproduced in the te]Plrram. In oros«-ex'mnnation bj JIlr. W«rbnvton, l!ow- .nr, he admitted that t'.ere were eortnin <1.i,. ftimilarit'es between the printing in the tele- gnnn and thltt in tlio books, Mr. Gill rointei out that the werd Talbot" wa* npelt in this teleeram with two u t' vrnn the ca^e in the two telegrams l'r.1'iO'181y put. In all three telegram* wore addressed to Sheemess, and all were sent throush the post. MK, AYRISS IN THE BOX. The next witness was Mr. John Ayriss, the husband of thp woman, who, in the coarse of these proceedings, has earned so n11wh un- enviable notoriety. He Raid he tea* a dairyman, cur.inr aD business at Southend. The deceased was his!aw. 8ne camo to stay at his h n.e on Tuesday, June 19. He 1"t' ""W her "Jive 011 Sunday, June 24. On the following Monday witness found that the decerned girl hal1 not come home. Hi. wife then went to the police-station, and witness, II.t his wife's request, a fteTwaTrl s wrote the telegram (produced) to Read. Hi. wife garo him the address. Mr. Warhnrton did not cro*«-oxamine the wit- ness, and evidence was e-iven with re--pect to the dispatch of It telegram to Southend from the We3t Strand Post-office on the night of Friday, June 22. SERVANT'S STATEMENT. Fanny Philpot wa. then examined. Her testi- mony was to tlw effect tlmt she was tl", ser- vant of Mrs. Edders, of 87. Stanley-road, Southend. On Sunday, June ?4. Mrs. Ayri«s's sister was to have slept at Mr. Edders's house, but did not arrive, and o* tbe Monday raornine witness went to Mrs. Avr'ss to see why the girl had not come. Witness could not identify the photograph produced as that of the girl she re- ferred te. HARRY READ The name of Harl" ReRd was then called, but ther" was no response, and Mr. Gill said if the witness did not come within a reason- able time he should have to nnply for a warrant. The court waited while Harry Read's name was called in the court-yard below, hut again there was no repnU8e Tbe Chairman then decided to adjourn the court for luncheon, and if the witness h.d not appeared by that time a warrant would be When the proceedings were resumed Harry Read had not put in an appearance, and Mr. Gill faid he wonlil call two or three moro wit- nesses. and if at tho end of their evidence Harry Read had not appeared he would make an application in regard to him. EXAMINING BULLETS. Mr. Irvine, superintelldent of Messrs. Ely Bros.' Cartridge He was Rhown 0 box of cartridges, a bullet which h,1 been to ken hom a cartridge, a11(l also the bullet which had been taken from the deceased's head. He said tho carhides were similar to those made by his firlll four years ago. They were No 7 pin-fire cartridges for revolvers. The unfired bullet had been taken from one of the cartridges. Part of the base of the bnllet that had been fired was visible and was similar to the base tf the nniired bullet. Mr. Wicrbiirton (boliiiriq up the bullet taken from the deceased girl): Do you seriously mean to say that yau can swear to this piece of lead as heing one of your firm's manufaoture? Witne. No. sir. Wonld there be any difference between the bullet of a No. 7 pin-firt eartridge and of a No. 7 central-fire cartridge ?-No. Re-examined, witness had no doubt that the fired bullet was from a No. 7 cartridge. READ DID NOT LOOK CLEAN. Mrs. (>mnC1J, thc wife .f a clerk in the Royal Albert Docks, was then ?.1l,d. She said in May and June of this year her husband Wa" m. and Read used to call 011 him on 1IIomlay morning's. Read last called on Monday, June 25. On that occa- sion he did not seem so clean as be nm..1Jy did. It, might have been that he was net shaved. He excused himself from going upstairs te MO witness's husband,&mdashCross-examined The ac- cused and witness's husband were friends. It was not usual for the prisoner to go upstairs to see her husband. A COLOURMAN'S OPINION OF READ. William Kendall, an artist h oolourman, of Marlborough-road, Kilburn, said he knew the prisoner and his brother Harry. At ten o'clock on the nifrht of Friday, June 22, he met them at the corner of Park-street, Oxford-street, and had a drink with them. The prisoner did not say a word as to going to Canterbury next day, or as to troing anywhere tho next day. Cross-examinned: He bad known Itead since childhood. He always kind-hearted and was liked by everyone. Re-oxamined: He did not know anything of prisoner's private life. WARRANT FOR THE BROTHER'S ARREST. The Court then directed that the name of I Harry Victor Read should be again called. This I was done, and there being no response Mr. Giles applied for a warrant for the arrest of Harry Victor Read, in order to secure his atten- dance. I The B. ch directed the w?rrMit to be! i..u?d. I A FURTHER REMAND. Mr. Gill then asked for further remand ter a fortnight. Mr. Warhnrton hoped that at the next hearing the case for the prosecution would be com. pleted. P* Mr. Gill eaid that in the public interest it was desirable that tho case should be fully gone into before the magistr",te8. The Bench decided to remand the prisener till Friday next, and then formally to remand him till Friday, September 7th. Mr. Wavburton asked that the money found at prisoner's address at the time of his arrest should be given up to him for the purpose of defence. The Bench then decided that, in Tiew of the possibility of a future prosecution in regard to that money, it should not bo given up- The proceedings were then adjourned.


A HOMELESS GIRL AT NEWPORT. CHARITABLE ACTION OF THE PROSECUTOR. A verv unusll case occupied the attention of the Newport Borough magistrates on Fri- day morning. A irl, of respectllblo attire, rained Aunie Harwy, aged seventeen, was charged in custody on a warrant with steal- ing a gold ring, the property of Mr. James Sandel's, painter and decorator, with whom Hi* had been in service, at Cambrian-place, Stcw-hil!. and also with stealing a silver watch and chain, the property of Wm. Joseph Farrow, a painter in the bmployment of Mr. Sanders.&mdashKefore any evidence was taken, a at the request of the m:igistrate« by the Rev. Charles Ayliffe. who has for some years past taken a very keeft in- terest in friendless and fRlIm girls. He stated that on Saturday, August 11. he found the prisoner Harvey Mandering the streets of Newport in the nnuule of the nighti He got her sheltered until th" follow- ing Tutvdav, and then took her to Dr. Rir- nardo's home at Cardiff, hoping to take her to London ou tlio following Monday. He did not know when he took her of the thefts she had been charged with. Her family his- tory was a sad one. Her father deserted her and threo other young oIlildren at Bristol about ten v«irs ago, and her mother died of starva- timi 'It that ptace. 'nteotherchudren had not t?u traced, but thi,? ?rf went to her grandmother atMatpM. near 'Ke.w?rt? where every etfort was made to bring her up properly.&mdashThe Chairman asked if the the!t wou1d not d?troy the continuity ofanvhdpfromDr.Barn.u'doP&mdashnieRev. C. Avlitfe I don't know. It depends on the nature of tho case, but if the MurtwtU hand 'tlici- over to me I will 6eo that she is properlv cared for. I am not prepared to sav that she will be sent by Dr. Barnardo to l'nada but l will see that she is cared for. &mdash 'Hie prosecutors in both cases expressed thfir desire to see the girl rescued from a criminal course rather than have her sent to prison, and Mr. Abrahamson, the pawn- bro k er, -z?id he -Id .?t th, ease half way, and r(??tore the thing. which had b- I at half the amount he had advanced. L.rh'? Chaiiman (Mr. H. Phiitipa), address- ing the girl, said it was almost unprece- dented that people who had been wronged should come forward alld make sacrifices in order to save a criminal tfrom going to prison.-Th.. Bench would allow the prisoner to be taken by Mr. Ayliife.


EMBALMING THE DEAD I SOME STRANGE EGYPTIAN I CUSTOMS. When a member of an Egyptian family died all the relatives put on mourning and ab. stained from blths, wine, and delicacies of ail kiuds, from forty to sixtv days, according to the mnk of the person l1ecmsed. Death in one respect put an end to all distinctions that had prevailed in life, and king and slave were subject to the same law. The record of the life of the deceased had to be examined by a tribunal of 42 judges he fore ho could be given burial with his ancestors. If the deeds of his life proved that he was worthy of burial his body was carried across the sacred lake, of whici, each province had one, and was therü permitted to rest. It the judges found him 111 worthy, even though he bdonged to the highest rank, he could not be buried with his :moe"tor8 the body was returned to l,i? rela- tins and was buried on the side of the lake tives and wa? bur??d (,ii tlii? aide of tlife lake belief of the Egyptians i- a future state of existence gave rise to the practice of embalm- ing the dead. They wished to carefully pre- serve the body, so that the soul, upon its re- turn to its former abode at the end of all things, might DUÙ it ready for its reception. Bodie" were cmblnlfd in three different weys. The most expensive and magnifi- cent method was used upon the bodies of kings and other persons of distinguished rank, the cost amounting to a talent of silver, or about £12J. A number of persons were employed in the pmces" of embalming, and they wert) treated with great respect. They filled the cavities of the body with myrrh, cinnamon, spices, and many kinds of sweet-smelling drugs. After a (rertain time had elapsed the body was swathed in lawn fillets, which were glued to- gether with a kind of thin gum, and then crusted over with costly perfumes. Bv ihis modo of embalming the shape of the body, the lineaments of tho face, the ejebrov* *nd eyelashes, were preserved in their natural per- fevtion. Bodies thus embalmed ar. what we now call Egyptian mummies.


A SCOTCH ELOPEMENT. OFF TO CHARLIE." I Residents in Forrar have had considerable food for gosaip supp:ied them in the sudden disappearance of a young woman, the wife of [t factory worker, and the subsequent discovery that she held deserted her husband with the express! intention of joining one whom she evidently cared moro for. The first intimation the husbaud received of the occurrence was on Tuesday at dinner time, when, on arriving, he found a note on the table, simply, yet patheti- cally, remarking, "Good-bye, Jim good-bye for ever. I'm off to Char1ie." "Charlie" is, it is supposed, a cousin of the vanished woman, lie is an old soldier, and had recently been residing with the couple, who have no children. At the holidays lie went to work in KiITiemnir, and about the same time the woman took a week's holiday, and spent them in Kirriemuir. Latterly "Charlie" is said to have secured 4 job in Dundee, and it is supposed "the lo,e.siok ,b"l-.I had gone tl. h'r although no real indication of her whereabouts has come to light. The "removal" was very quietly, but expeditiously, effected by one of the 11-tli 1)u.-se^ jn town carrying hex trunk to tho station, while she went to the train on foot.


AN HISTORIC COTTAGE. I WHERE SHAKSPEARE'S MOTHER WAS BORN. The anoien-t cottage at Wilmecote, in ",I¡ieh was born Mary Arden, the mother of Shako- peaio. has not yet been bought by the cor- poration of Stratford, but some day perhaps it will be, and then the cluster of the Shaks- peare shrines will be complete. The cottage of Anue Hathaway was bought some tinh) aijo, together witji the old furniture and relics contained in it-the latttr being the property of Mrs. Mary T. Baker, who still re- sides in the cottage, and, notwithstanùin in. finnities of age, a.ssit:1ts in the genial task of showing it to visitors. At the Shakspeare birthplace the new custodians are Miss Rehocea Florence Hanoock and Miss Marie Louise Hancock, who assumed the office in May, 1893, and who have been remarkably successful in it-fultiliing a difficult duty with patience, raoe, and tact, winning the favour of visitors and the pleased approval of the borough. The library and the general supervision remain with Mr. Richard Savage, that excellent scholar and antiquary, so long ,ooia.too with Henlev-stneet cottage. All the Shakspeare Trusts are fortunate&mdashand so 1< the publio-in the presidency of Sir Arthur Hodgson.


STREET BETTING. BOOKMAKER AND HIS CLIENT ARRESTED IN BIRMINGHAM. In Birmingham for some time past attempts have been made to suppress street betting by arresting, bookmakers on a charge of obstruction and imposing the maximum fine of zEb. On Friday" new departure was tried, in not only arresting a bookmaker, but a man who made a bet with him. The former was fined the iisual 95. but the latter, as it was the first case, was mulot in only 5s.


BUHIED ALIVE. A man named William Harrison, a labourer, of I'ark-road, was eugaged exoavutin? for some drains to some new houses in South Balik. street, Look. OIl Thursday afternoon, when the earth fell in aud covered him a depth of 10ft. The dead body was dug out an hour later.

Cestrum nocturnum is an evergreen woody shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. The leaves are simple, narrow lanceolate, 6–20 cm (2.4–7.9 in) long and 2–4.5 cm (0.79–1.77 in) broad, smooth and glossy, with an entire margin. The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla 2–2.5 cm (0.79–0.98 in) long with five acute lobes, 10–13 mm (0.39–0.51 in) diameter when open at night, and are produced in cymose inflorescences. A powerful, sweet perfume is released at night. The fruit is a berry 10 millimetres (0.39 in) long by 5 mm (0.20 in) diameter, either marfil white or the color of an aubergine. There is also a variety with yellowish flowers. There are mixed reports regarding the toxicity of foliage and fruit. [4] [5]

Cestrum nocturnum is grown in subtropical regions as an ornamental plant for its flowers that are heavily perfumed at night. It grows best in average to moist soil that is light and sandy, with a neutral pH of 6.6 to 7.5, and is hardy to hardiness zone 8. C. nocturnum can be fertilized biweekly with a weak dilution of seaweed and fish emulsion fertilizer.

Flowers distilled oil contains phenylethyl alcohol (27%), benzyl alcohol (12%), eicosane (5.6%), eugenol (5.6%), n-tetracosane (4.4%), caryophyllene oxide (3.1%), 1-hexadecanol (2.7%), methoxyeugenol (2.45%), benzaldehyde (2.32%). [6] Flowers alcohol extract contains cytotoxic steroids. [7]

Toxicity Edit

Ingestion of C. nocturnum has not been well documented, but there is some reason to believe that caution is in order. All members of the family Solanaceae contain an alkaloid toxin called solanine, [8] though some members of the family are routinely eaten without ill-effect. The most commonly reported problems associated with C. nocturnum are respiratory problems from the scent, and feverish symptoms following ingestion. [ medical citation needed ]

Some people, especially those with respiratory sensitivities or asthma, have reported difficulty breathing, irritation of the nose and throat, headache, nausea, or other symptoms when exposed to the blossom's powerful scent. [ medical citation needed ] Some Cestrum species contain chlorogenic acid, and the presence of this potent sensitizer may be responsible for this effect in C. nocturnum.

Some plant guides describe C. nocturnum as "toxic" and warn that ingesting plant parts, especially fruit, may result in elevated temperature, rapid pulse, excess salivation and gastritis. [ medical citation needed ]

Spoerke et al. [ full citation needed ] describe the following toxic effects reported from ingesting C. nocturnum: Ingesting 15 lb of plant material caused a cow to salivate, clamp its jaws, collapse, and eventually die. A postmortem showed gastroenteritis and congestion of liver, kidneys, brain, and spinal cord. Although the berries and the sap are suspected of being toxic, several cases of ingestion of the berries have not shown them to be a problem, with one exception. Morton cites a case where children ate significant quantities (handfuls) of berries and had no significant effects and another two where berries were ingested in smaller amounts, with similar negative results.

Ingestion of green berries over several weeks by a 2-year-old child resulted in diarrhea, vomiting, and blood clots in the stool. [ citation needed ] Anemia and purpura [discoloration of the skin caused by subcutaneous bleeding] were also noted. A solanine alkaloid isolated from the stool was hemolytic to human erythrocytes. [9] [ unreliable source? ]

Plant extracts have shown larvicidal activity against the mosquito Aedes aegypti while showing no toxicity to fish. [10] [11] Plant extracts cause hematological changes in the freshwater fish when exposed to sub lethal concentrations. [12] [13]

Psychoactivity Edit

The mechanisms of the plant's putative psychoactive effects are currently unknown, and anecdotal data are extremely limited and include an aphrodisiac power. [14] In a rare discussion of traditional entheogenic use of the plant, Müller-Ebeling, Rätsch, and Shahi describe shamanic use of C. nocturnum in Nepal. [15] They describe experiencing "trippy" effects without mentioning unpleasant physical side effects. Rätsch's Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants also describes a handful of reports of ingestion of the plant without mentioning serious adverse side effects.

Cestrum nocturnum has become widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world, including Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, southern China and the southernmost United States, and is difficult to eradicate. It is classed as a weed in some countries.

In Auckland, New Zealand, it has been reported as a seriously invasive weed to the Auckland Regional Council and is under investigation. NS Forest and Bird is compiling an inventory of wild cestrum sites in order to place the plant on the banned list. The inventory can be viewed via Google Maps. [16] Some nurseries still sell it without warning customers of the dangers to native bush reserves. [ citation needed ]

Jessamine County, Kentucky

Jessamine County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. As of the 2014, the population was 50,815. Jessamine County was created on December 19, 1798. The county seat is Nicholasville. The county name of origin is questionable. Historians attribute Jessamine County's name to originate from the jasmine flowers that grow in the area, or the area is named after a Jessamine Creek near Wilmore. It is also possible the county is named for Jessamine Douglass, the daughter of a pioneer settler.

Jessamine County is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is within the Inner Blue Grass region, long a center of farming and blooded stock raising, including thoroughbred horses.

Etymology - Origin of Jessamine County Name

The county name of origin questionable, historians attribute Jessamine County's name to originate from the jasmine flowers that grow in the area, or the area is named after a Jessamine Creek near Wilmore or possibly the county is named for Jessamine Douglass, the daughter of a pioneer settler.


Jessamine County History

Jessamine County was established in 1798 from land given by Fayette County. Jessamine was the 36th Kentucky county in order of formation. It is located in the Inner Bluegrass region of the state. There is an average of 225.5 people per square mile. The county seat is Nicholasville.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 175 square miles (450 km 2 ), of which 172 square miles (450 km 2 ) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km 2 ) (1.4%) is water. In 2000, nearly 129 square miles (330 km 2 ) of the county's total area was dedicated to agriculture. The elevation in the county ranges from 497 to 1072 feet above sea level. In 2000 the county population was 39,041 in a land area of 173.13 square miles

Jessamine county is located close to the center of Kentucky. The county's entire southern border is formed by the Kentucky River. Jessamine County's river bank extends roughly 42 miles long, due to it's winding through this county.


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Nicholasville's award-winning utilities system provides reliable electric, water and sewer services within and adjacent to the city.

Customer Service:
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Electricity: The electric department purchases wholeale power from Kentucky Utilities and distributes it to approximately 6,800 customers through the utility's transmission and distribution system.

Water:The water system consists of an intake pumping facility, a water treatment plant, a high service pumping facility, and transmission and distribution system. The treatment plant serves approximately 14,500 retail customers and two wholesale customers, with a capacity of 7 million gallons per day (mgd). The treated water transmission and distribution system consists of a grid of mains ranging from 2 to 24 inches in diameter and has a total elevated storage of 1.5 million gallons. For the annual drinking water quality report click here.

Sewers: The sanitary sewer system, serving approximately 11,500 customers, consists of a 4.1 MGD wastewater treatment plant (Jessamine Creek Environmental Control Facility), 14 pump stations and a collection system comprised of a network of gravity sewers and force mains.

Jessamine Community (1976)

This article is taken from East Pasco’s Heritage.

Communities come into being and pass out of existence, sometimes leaving no trace, sometimes only the name of the first settler. One east Pasco community was left with a lovely name which has often been misspelled because its source has been forgotten.

In 1887 the new Pasco County received two idealistic young business men, Walter N. Pike and William J. Ellsworth, who were intent on starting a seed and plant business in the land of flowers. They set up housekeeping with their brides in an old cabin on the edge of a small lake, about five miles southwest of Trilby. With strong backs hired from the settlement near the county line, they began the clearing of the pine and hammock acres—a slow process done with ax, mattock, saw, and much sweat of the brow. During this deforesting period, young Pike and Ellsworth were so impressed with the beauty and delicate fragrance of a certain wild flowering vine that they named their firm “Jessamine Gardens,” and their community “Jessamine.” Years later, in the wake of severe freezes, mail thefts, and financial panic widespread, they developed citrus under the name “Jessamine Groves,” thus continuing to emphasize the community name.

In the early days freight was hauled from Trilby. When the railroad was extended to St. Petersburg, Blanton was made a way station and became a receiving point. I recall hearing my uncle mention that some small shipments were brought up the mile-and-a-quarter from that depot by wheelbarrow.

Because of business needs, Pike and Ellsworth got permission to operate a postoffice at Jessamine. This served a number of families within a range of two or three miles. The mail was brought by horseback from Trilby and outgoing mail picked up. The same rider also served the Blanton area where the industry was a good-sized sawmill. Jessamine postoffice continued until about 1912, when the Rural Free Delivery reached out to individual families. The first postoffice was contained in the front of the Jessamine Gardens business house, where the seeds and bulbs were readied for shipping. With its lobby the postoffice took up a space about twenty by twenty-eight feet, completely sheltered within the building. Later, when the house was converted into a dwelling, a small unit scarcely eight by eight feet, partitioned through the center, provided an entry for customers and also a panel of private boxes, with a General Delivery and stamp window.


Early years Edit

Camp Nelson was established as a supply depot for Union advances into Tennessee. It was named for Major General William "Bull" Nelson, who had recently been murdered. [6] It was placed near Hickman Bridge, the only bridge across the Kentucky River upriver from the state capital (Frankfort, Kentucky). The site was selected to protect the bridge, to have a base of operations in central Kentucky, and to prepare to secure the Cumberland Gap and eastern Tennessee. The camp was also used as a site to train new soldiers for the Union army. The Kentucky River and Hickman Creek steep palisades contributed to the selection of the site. Only the northern side needed fortifications against Confederate attack since three sides have 400–500 feet almost vertical steep cliffs . [7]

Camp Nelson may have been the choice for a central Kentucky depot, but it had disadvantages. When Union Major General Ambrose Burnside attacked the Cumberland Gap and Knoxville, Tennessee, Camp Nelson's distance from the Gap and Knoxville, combined with lack of railroads and the weather, hampered the Union advance. [8]

Its drawbacks as a well situated supply depot led General William Tecumseh Sherman to prioritize Camp Nelson to take a major role in training 10,000 black soldiers who volunteered there for the U.S. Colored Troops. He advocated this role in response to overall Union commander Ulysses S. Grant who visited Camp Nelson in January 1864. Grant had observed the inadequacies in the overland supply routes employed and leaned toward abandoning it entirely. [9] Despite Grant's misgivings, Camp Nelson continued supplying major battles in 1864 such as Saltville VA I and Saltville VA II, as well as Atlanta for which the site provided 10,000 horses.

Recognizing that the Camp Nelson supply depot and the nearby Hickman Bridge were valuable targets for Confederate raider General John Hunt Morgan, Union forces geared up for attacks in July 1863 and June 1864. The most serious threat was mid-June 1864 when Brig. General Speed S. Fry called upon volunteers from among civilian employees. Six hundred were armed and performed guard duty at the northern fortifications around the clock for 6 days. Major C. E. Compton said that due to these civilians, “the depot was saved from capture and destruction.” [9]

Black History: troops, impressed workers, refugees, and emancipation Edit

Kentucky was one of four slaveholding states not joining the 11 other slaveholding southern states in forming the Confederate States of America which was in a rebellion rooted in decades of disputes over slavery. Kentucky blacks, enslaved and not, men and women, majorly contributed to the Union war effort in Kentucky initially as laborers, but ultimately as soldiers in infantry, artillery, and cavalry. [10]

Because Kentucky was a slaveholding state, but not one in rebellion, those escaping could not be included as contrabands as defined by the Confiscation Act of 1861. This law applied to the Confederacy only and declared that if enslaved people are considered property, then the military has the right to not only deny the access to the owner but also to impress these individuals into work. [11] Nonetheless, the Union Army in the state began impressing thousands, initially only of the disloyal or those who had already fled into Union camps. In the case of disloyal or unknown slave holders, wages and subsistence were paid to the enslaved person. Loyal slaveholders were compensated. [12]

Specific to Camp Nelson August 1863, Brig. General Jeremiah Boyle, authorized Commander Speed S. Fry to impress enslaved males, ages 16–45 within 14 counties of Central Kentucky, up to one-third of the enslaver's workforce. [13] Just as the military contracted to buy food and livestock, likewise it contracted with slave owning Union loyalists to procure enslaved men to labor at Camp Nelson. An example is agent George Denny who impressed Gabriel Burdett from nearby farm of Hiram Burdett. Compensation of $30 per month for each impressed worker went to slave owners. By 1864, some like Gabriel Burdett would eventually enlist in the U.S. Colored Troops. [14]

Consequentially, an estimated 3,000 impressed workers were stationed at Camp Nelson in 1863 performing labor-intensive tasks critical to the camp's founding and defense. Starting with fortifying the strategic Hickman Bridge in May, 1863, they aided in the construction of railroads, the northern fortifications and forts, and the 300 buildings. [6] [15]

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863 freed the enslaved only in the rebellious 11 states in the Confederacy. The War Department then publicly authorized the recruitment and training of African Americans in these states. Though a slave holding state, Kentucky was not in rebellion, so the proclamation and the military authorization did not apply.

Upon enlistment African Americans were emancipated from slavery in exchange for service in the Union Army. Kentucky recruited and trained more that 23,000 of the approximate 200,000 U.S. Colored Troops (USCT), making it the second largest contributor of any state. Camp Nelson was the largest state site with more than 10,000 recruits. Eight regiments were founded at Camp Nelson and five others were stationed there during the war. [4]

With the goal of enlistment of Kentucky blacks into the Union Army, Lincoln authorized a special census in 1863 which showed 1,650 freemen and 40,000 enslaved males of military age. [10] [16] Given this figure and using the justification that whites were not fulfilling the state's draft quota, pro-slavery Governor Thomas E. Bramlette reluctantly agreed in March 1864 that African-American men in Kentucky were allowed to join the US Army with consent of their owners who received $300. [10] [17] [14]

By April, enslaved men, despite the stipulation of owner consent, fled to enlist. The military, when uncertain of the consent, routinely sent men back to their owners. This situation led to a wave of violence as the military allowed squads hired to seize runaways from Camp Nelson. Chief Quartermaster Captain Theron E. Hall reported the site had become a “hunting ground for fugitives.” The army's help led to brutality. Owners severed ears and flayed men alive as they were bound to trees.

Due to the wave of violence, by June 1864 owners’ consent was no longer required, as ordered by Union Army Adj. Gen. Lorenzo Thomas. [14]

Among groups of African-American recruits, the largest arrived between June and October 1864, with 322 men enlisting on a single day on July 25. [18] In May, 1864, the first large group arrived, 250 recruits from Danville, a distance of 16 miles. These groups and others en route to Camp Nelson were subject to harassment and violence. For example, the Danville group “was assailed with stones and the content of revolvers,” reported Thomas Butler, superintendent of the United States Sanitary Commission. [13]

Peter Bruner's attempt to enlist was initially thwarted when he was captured by men unknown to him and jailed in nearby Nicholasville with 24 others seeking USCT enlistment at Camp Nelson. [19]

Rev. John Gregg Fee of the American Missionary Association (AMA) observed that “three of five recruits bore on their bodies marks of cruelty.” Despite this, army surgeons upon examining recruits found the vast majority to be healthy and very fit to serve. [10] [20]

Families of soldiers and others fleeing slavery seeking refuge at Union camps such as Camp Nelson were referred to as refugees. Unlike the soldiers, the refugees were initially not eligible for emancipation. The army did not have a clear policy for refugees, but they were allowed to establish a shanty village at Camp Nelson.

However, on November 22–25, 1864, District Commander Speed S. Fry, native of Danville, KY, under pressure from slave-owners, reversed this practice. [17] He ordered soldiers to force out under threat of death 400 women and children onto wagons and escort them out of the camp. Fry ordered soldiers to torch the refugee huts. Temperatures that day were well below freezing. The refugees suffered 102 deaths due to exposure and disease. [6] [17]

Camp Nelson Chief Quartermaster Theron E. Hall and Reverend John Gregg Fee of the American Missionary Association led a public outcry to newspapers, high ranking Washington officials, and the northern public. Hall gathered testimony from USCT soldiers on the battered conditions of their families and submitted them to Brig. General Stephen G. Burbridge, commander of the District of Kentucky. Burbridge ordered Fry to immediately cease expulsions, allow the families to return, and provide quarters. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, Lincoln's Secretary of War, followed up with an order that a permanent shelter be established for all refugees, regardless of any family ties to USCT troops. [14]

The New York Tribune published a front page account on Nov. 28, 1864 entitled Cruel Treatment of the Wives and Children of U.S. Colored Soldiers. “At this moment, over four hundred helpless human beings. having been driven from their homes by United States soldiers, are now lying in barns and mule sheds, wandering through the woods. literally starving, for no other crime than their husbands and fathers having thrown aside the manacles of Slavery to shoulder Union muskets.” [17]

By December 1864, the military reversed its policies, and authorized the construction of the Home for Colored Refugees. Included were 16 by 16 foot duplex cottages for families, a mess hall, barracks, a school, teachers’ quarters and a dormitory. [15] [18]

Spurred by these events, on March 3, 1865, a Congressional Act was passed that freed the wives and children of the U.S. Colored Troops. [21] This blow to slavery caused the population of the Home to peak at 3,060 by July 1865. [6] This surpassed capacity, and added were 60 army supplied large wall tents as well makeshift housing constructed by the refugees, similar to before the expulsion. [17] An obelisk at the refugee cemetery north of the Interpretive Center honors the memory of about 300 of the refugees who died at Camp Nelson. Some of those perished as a result of the expulsion of November 1864.

The two story school was staffed by the AMA and the Western Freedman's Aid Commission. Two African Americans were included, E. Belle Mitchell and Reverend Gabriel Burdett who was also a USCT soldier and assisted Fee in ministry work. [17] The AMA's position on total racial equality was tested at Camp Nelson when Fee hired Mitchell. The AMA-salaried white teachers refused to eat in the same dining room with her and walked out in protest. [22]

Also included were two barracks that became the refugee hospital. Infectious disease was prevalent and some 1300 refugees died at Camp Nelson. [6]

Units raised at Camp Nelson are the 5th and 6th U.S. Colored Cavalry (USCC) the 114th, 116th, 119th, and 124th Colored Infantry and the 13th and 12th United States Colored Heavy Artillery. [6] [23] [24]

Notable engagements of Camp Nelson Colored Troops Edit

Among notable engagements of the 5th and 6th USCC are the Battle of Saltville I and the Battle of Saltville II in southwestern Virginia. Brig. General Stephen G. Burbridge lead the Ill-fated Saltville I, the objective of which was to destroy the Confederate saltworks, which had been fortified by impressed enslaved workers whose owners were compensated. [25] Though Saltville I in October 1864 was a defeat, Colonel James Sanks Brisbin reported his admiration for the bravery and tenacity of the 400 soldiers, noting that he'd been in 27 battles with the white troops and seen none more courageous. [23] Of the colored troops, 10 were killed in action and 37 wounded. [26] Post battle, a scene of criminal violence was unleashed. Soldiers in the 5th USCC and in two companies of the 6th USCC were murdered, totaling 47. Leading these attacks was Champ Ferguson, who after the war was tried in Nashville, TN for War crimes, sentenced to death, and hanged in October 1865. [27]

In December 1864, in the successful second assault on Saltville were the 5th and 6th USCC, units which included survivors of the first battle. General George Stoneman and Burbridge engaged General John C. Breckinridge, a Kentuckian and former vice president, in nearby Marion, VA, outnumbering their opponents by four to one. Breckinridge retreated after two days. Union troops destroyed the saltworks, and considerably damaged neighboring lead mines and railroads. The USCC troops continued to add to their hard-won reputation. [26]

The USCC 5th were again subjected to a murderous assault like that of Saltville I in January 1865 in Simpsonville, KY. Assigned to herd about 1,000 cattle from Camp Nelson to Louisville, KY, 80 soldiers of Company E 5th USCC were ambushed by Confederate guerrillas led by Capt. Dick Taylor. First attacked were the 41 soldiers bringing up the rear, most of whom could not fire due to fouled powder. Locals found 15 dead and 20 wounded and reported Taylor's men boasting about murdering 19 Union soldiers. Lt. Colonel Louis H. Carpenter of the 5th documented the names of the guerrillas and urged a prosecution. This never happened. In 2009, a memorial was placed on the site of the ambush. [28] [29]

The 6th USCC and the 114th and 116 Colored Infantry were active in General Grant's Appomattox Campaign, March to April 1864. These units took part in the both the siege of Petersburg, VA and of Richmond, VA, the capitol and seat of government of the Confederacy. These soldiers were engaged in the pursuit of Confederate General Robert E. Lee to the Appomattox Courthouse where they witnessed the surrender of the Confederate Army. [12]

White Refugees and Union Troops from East Tennessee Edit

Though Tennessee was officially a state in rebellion, loyalty to the Confederacy was weak in its eastern Appalachian section. This may be attributable to the comparably low rate of enslaved population, which ranged from 3.5 to 11% as opposed to the 40% to 50% in the western part of the state. View this on an 1860 U.S. Census map, which shows this rate for all counties in slave-holding states. [16]

Thousands of the destitute from this area came in a constant steam seeking succor at Camp Nelson. Thomas D. Butler, a superintendent of the United States Sanitary Commission, who had as his responsibility their care, described the situation of one refugee family with six children, “. the rebels had driven her and her children from their home, and destroyed their property. for many weeks. wandered, homeless, hungry and sick, through cold and stormy weather, to reach Camp Nelson.” The husband was a discharged Union soldier who was captured en route with the family. He escaped and journeyed to Camp Nelson where the family was reunited. [23]

Several East Tennessee regiments were trained and organized here. [23]

  • Commanded by Felix A. Reeve, the 8th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry, organized at Camp Dick Robinson and Camp Nelson from November 1862 to August 1863, participated in the Knoxville Campaign and subsequent East Tennessee operations from November 4 to December 23, 1863.
  • Five companies of the 5th East Tennessee Cavalry (also known as the 8th Tennessee Cavalry) June to August 1863
  • The 10th, 12th, 13th Cavalry and Battery E of First Tennessee Light Artillery

For a 10-minute video summary of the site's history and significance narrated by Dr. W. Stephen McBride, director of interpretation and archaeology, go to this link. [31]

Post War Edit

After the war, Camp Nelson was a center for giving ex-slaves their emancipation papers. Many have considered the camp as their "cradle of freedom". [6]

The United States Sanitary Commission (USSC) operated a soldiers' home for a time at Camp Nelson, in former barracks. It was one of a series of homes and rest houses they operated for soldiers.

Here are some post-war achievements of Camp Nelson U.S. Colored Troops.

Angus Burleigh was literate and enlisted at age 16, becoming a sergeant with the 12th Regiment Heavy Artillery U.S. Colored Troops after an escape from an Anderson County farm. In 1875, he was the first black graduate of Berea College as well as the first black adult male to enroll. The college was founded by John Fee and the American Missionary Association in 1855 and students, black and white, were enrolled. He was among blacks from Berea and Oberlin College who taught in Freedman's Schools, conducting a school in Garrard County in 1869. Later he was ordained a Methodist Episcopal minister and held pastorates in several states and served as chaplain to the Illinois State Senate. He lived until 1914 when he was Berea's oldest living graduate. [20] [32]

Elijah P. Marrs led 27 others from to Louisville from neighboring Simpsonville, Ky. to join the USCT. Marrs, another sergeant with the 12th US Colored Heavy Artillery, trained at Camp Nelson where he also taught reading. After the war, Marrs taught school and was ordained a Baptist minister. In 1879, he and his brother founded Baptist Normal and Theological Institute in Louisville, which became Simmons Bible College. Marrs was active with the Republican party in Kentucky. [13] [32] His autobiography is downloadable from the University of North Carolina's Documenting the American South Digital Publishing Initiative. [34] [35]

Peter Bruner wrote with his daughter his autobiography, A Slave’s Adventure Toward Freedom, Not Fiction, but the True Story of a Struggle, also included in the UNC's Documenting the American South. He recounts his frequently made unsuccessful escape attempts and subsequent severe punishments. Another member of the 12th, he enlisted with 16 other men, walking 41 miles from Irvine, Ky. Post war, Bruner moved to Oxford, Ohio and became the first African American to work at Miami University where he also enrolled. [19] In addition to his work as a custodian and messenger, he served as a ceremonial greeter wearing a top hat and tails. He raised five children with his wife Frances Proctor. He is listed on plaque B-26 at the African American Civil War Memorial in Washington DC. His ceremonial top hat is on display at the McGuffey House and Museum of Miami University. [36]

Gabriel Burdette while enslaved in neighboring Garrard County became active in the ministry serving at the Forks Dix River Church. He enlisted July 1864 in the 114th U.S. Colored Infantry. He served as a teacher, nurse, and minister, leading in the development of education, housing, and aid for the refugees. He began a 12-year association with John Fee and the American Missionary Association. After serving in both Tennessee and Texas, Burdett returned and was instrumental in establishing Ariel Academy. He became the first African American on the Berea College Board of Trustees, serving 12 years. Involved in the Republican Party, the same party of President Lincoln, he campaigned in the 1872 presidential for the reelection of former Union General Grant. He served as a voting member at both the 1872 and 1876 Republican National Conventions. The violence associated with the 1876 election convinced Burdett to join the Exodusters Movement to the West and emigrate with his family to Kansas. [10] [37] The path of his life is followed in some detail in this account of African Americans’ struggle for freedom during and post Civil War. [14]

Presently, 525 acres (2.12 km 2 ) of the original property are preserved as the Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument. Most of the buildings at the camp were sold. [38] The camp is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and was declared a National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) in March 2013. [39] The site is also part of the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom, which runs through several states and has sites in Canada and the Antilles.

In a more rural area than the other former USCT recruitment sites, Camp Nelson is the only one whose land was never developed after the war for other purposes. [38]

During its existence as Camp Nelson Civil War Heritage Park, Camp Nelson was controlled by the Jessamine County Fiscal Court. The forested portion overlooking Hickman Creek was funded by the Office of Kentucky Nature Preserves' Kentucky Heritage Land Conservation Fund. In August 2017, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke suggested to President Trump that Camp Nelson Civil War Heritage Park be made into a national monument. On June 5, 2018, the United States House of Representatives approved U.S. Representative Andy Barr's sponsored H.R. 5655, "Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument Act". [40] On July 26, 2018, a bill, S. 3287, titled the "Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument Act", was introduced in the United States Senate, aiming at establishing Camp Nelson as a part of the national park system. On August 15, 2018, a national park committee hearing was held regarding the bill, but Congress took no further action on the legislation. [41] On October 26, 2018, President Trump used the Antiquities Act to approve the creation of Camp Nelson National Monument, transferring ownership and management of Camp Nelson to the National Park Service. [4] On March 12, 2019, President Trump signed legislation that renamed the National Monument "Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument."

The Oliver Perry House is the only surviving structure from its years as a camp. It was built in about 1846 for the newlywed couple of Oliver Perry and the former Fannie Scott. General Burnside confiscated the house during the war to serve as officers quarters. In many official letters, the house was called the "White House". It currently is operated as a historic house museum for the park. [42]

The park has five miles of walking trails, open dawn to dusk, lining the northern border where remnants of the forts and fortifications are marked with historic signage. Fort Putnam has been reconstructed to the specifications of the original engineering plan. Re-enactors of the USCC 5th fire the site's Napoléon 12 pound cannon there during the Annual Civil War Heritage Weekend held in mid-September. The date of President Lincoln's death, April 15, 1865, is commemorated with a ceremonial firing at Fort Putnam. The interpretive center is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday with tours available 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Ghost tours are occasionally available. [43]

Camp Nelson National Cemetery is one mile to the south. [3] It has organized records of burials online so that families may trace relatives buried here, in addition to those who trained or lived at the camp.


Like censure, the word reprimand does not appear in the Constitution. And its meaning has changed over time. For much of the House’s history, in fact well into the twentieth century, the word reprimand was used interchangeably with censure. For instance, the censure resolution passed against Thomas L. Blanton in 1921 directed him to the bar of the House to receive its “reprimand and censure.”

The modern use of the term reprimand evolved relatively recently, following the creation of a formal ethics process in the late 1960s. 4 A reprimand registers the House’s disapproval for conduct that warrants a less severe rebuke than censure. Typically, in modern practice, the Ethics Committee recommends a reprimand (as it does in the case of censure) by submitting a resolution accompanied with a report to the full House. Reprimand requires a simple majority vote on the resolution brought before the House and, in some instances, may be implemented simply by the adoption of the committee report. A reprimanded Member is not required to stand in the well of the House to accept a verbal admonishment. Since the first case of the House taking such action in 1976, a total of 11 individuals have been reprimanded by the House. See a list of Members who have been reprimanded by the House of Representatives.

Published 1:47 pm Wednesday, October 7, 2020

Take a walk through Jessamine County history on a self-guided audio tour available from the Jessamine County Public Library’s Jessamine History Walks Podcast.

Episodes one and two explore Maple Grove Cemetery and Locust Grove Cemetery, both located in Nicholasville. Maple Grove Cemetery was founded in 1849 and originally intended for white burials only, while African-Americans have been buried in Locust Grove Cemetery since the mid- to late-19th century.

The U.S. has a long history of racially segregating cemeteries.

In the Atlas Obscura article “The Persistent Racism of America’s Cemeteries,” Jennifer Young writes, “Until the 1950s, about 90 percent of all public cemeteries in the U.S. employed a variety of racial restrictions.”

Episode 1: Maple Grove Cemetery

On the Maple Grove Cemetery Audio Tour, you’ll visit the graves of former community members such as Lena Madesin Phillips, the first woman to graduate from the University of Kentucky law school with honors. In 1930, she became the president of the International Federation of Business and Professional Women.

You’ll also hear about the victims of the 1932 Hickman Creek flood and learn about Cupid Walker, a free African-American man and church sexton who died in 1850 during a cholera epidemic.

Though Walker is not buried in Maple Grove, Nicholasville citizens erected a monument in his memory.

Throughout the tour, you’ll learn the meaning of the flowers, trees, hands and other symbols carved into the tombstones.

Because of the size of this cemetery, we recommend bringing a tour map with you. It’s available on our website at

Episode 2: Locust Grove Cemetery

The Jessamine County Public Library first published the Locust Grove Cemetery Audio Tour in 2019 as part of the Locust Grove Cemetery Oral History Podcast.

Now that the tour is part of the Jessamine History Walks Podcast, listeners can explore the history of both cemeteries in one place.

On the Locust Grove tour, you’ll learn about former community members such as Andrew McAfee, Jessamine County’s first African-American councilmember, who was elected in 1898.

You’ll visit the graves of George Combs, Joe Pelman and Emma Jean Guyn Miller, a much-loved Jessamine County teacher who died in 2009 at the age of 107.

You’ll also listen to family members tell stories about their relatives who are buried in Locust Grove.

Frank Cannon, Jr. remembers his parents, Ora Belle Hamilton Cannon and Frank Cannon, Sr., and their careers in Jessamine County Schools before and after integration. He also shares memories of his grandmother, Lizzie Cannon.

Frank’s sister, Dr. Clarice Boswell, wrote about their grandmother in her book “Lizzie’s Story: A Slave Family’s Journey to Freedom.”

Jennifer Smith and Anna Kenion talk about their parents, Dorothy and Andrew Smith, discussing their faith and love as well as some of the challenges they faced, including Andrew’s loss of sight.

Juanita White discusses her mother, Anna Bell Holloway Jackmon, remembering her love for her family and her excellent cooking skills.

How to listen

Both episodes of the Jessamine History Walks Podcast are available on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify and other podcast players.

You can also listen on our website at

If you don’t have a smart phone, you can check out audio CDs and a portable CD player at the library.

Enter to win

Share a picture of your favorite stop on episode two, the Locust Grove Cemetery Audio Tour, and we will enter you into a drawing for a $50 Amazon gift card. Use the hashtag #JessamineHistoryWalks and tag or direct message @jesspublib on Instagram or @jessaminecountypubliclibrary on Facebook or you can email your photo to [email protected]

The contest ends Nov. 30. JCPL employees and their families are ineligible to win prizes.

Watch the video: Another Fictionalized History